No matter the size, it's important that your garden receives sufficient water. If you're planting your first garden, you may find yourself wondering about the options for watering. There are two primary irrigation systems that you can consider for your gardens, each with their own advantages and disadvantages. Whether you opt for drip or flood irrigation, either one can keep your garden watered and your crops growing. Here's a look at what you need to know about each to choose the best one for your planting area.
Irrigation System Basics
Flood irrigation systems are simple designs that are often inexpensive to install. They send water into furrows in the ground along the planting rows. The water will flood those furrows around the plants. From there, it soaks into the soil and reaches the growing roots.
Drip irrigation, on the other hand, is a slow delivery method. It relies on a network of pipes placed under the planting area to deliver water directly to the soil beneath the plants. As is indicated by the name, it delivers water at a slow, trickling rate.
Benefits of Each System
Flood Irrigation—Flood irrigation works well in areas where the soil is sediment-rich. These types of soil can clog the pipe openings of a drip irrigation system. It's also best for crops that need a lot of water, like rice. Clay soil doesn't absorb water as well, so flood irrigation is best for this kind of land. It's easy to install, so you can get up and running quickly, and the runoff can be collected for repurposing.
Drip Irrigation—A drip irrigation system works better for sandy soil areas, because this type of soil drains quickly and will require frequent watering otherwise. A drip irrigation system can introduce constant amounts of water in the soil so that even well-draining soil stays wet and the plants get sufficient water to grow. Additionally, it limits the water lost in runoff, because the water is delivered gradually and directly to the root areas.
Disadvantages of Each System
Flood Irrigation—Flood irrigation is not an ideal option for areas where water conservation is important. It leads to significant runoff since the water floods the planting area and isn't absorbed as quickly as it flows through.
Drip irrigation—Drip irrigation systems require an extensive pipe system, which makes them more expensive for the initial installation. They can also be prone to clogging, which can cause a backup of water in the pipes. Additionally, it can be difficult to detect problems with these systems because the pipes aren't easily visible.
If you'd like more information about irrigation systems or want to install one, contact a business like T & J Landscape Services.
As a child and teenager, I watched my mother garden, although I wasn't interested in it at the time. I later learned that I had missed out on learning the craft because before I planted my first garden, I thought it would be so easy! Once I finally had a yard of my own, I was eager to plant some beautiful flowers in the yard and do other landscaping work. Unfortunately, I learned a hard lesson and none of things I planted survived more than a few weeks, even though I watered them daily. I gave my mother a call and asked her what could have gone wrong, and I learned that plants have to be chosen carefully. Check out this blog to learn more landscaping plant tips.